- Fraud resulting from making payments over unsecured web pages.
- Fraud resulting from making payments using an unsecured Wi-Fi connection.
- Bogus online stores/shops – fake websites and email offers for goods and services that do not exist.
- Buying fake goods intentionally or unintentionally – finding they are of inferior quality and also possibly funding more serious crimes in the process.
- Losing your money when you make direct bank payments, only to find that the goods are inferior, or do not exist at all.
- Receiving goods or services which do not match the advertiser’s description.
- Being offered tailored prices based on information gathered by the retailer about your online shopping habits and websites visited.
- Ensure that any online retailer unfamiliar to you is reputable by researching them. Establish a physical address and telephone contact details. Remember that the best way to find a reputable retailer is via recommendation from a trusted source.
- Remember that paying by credit card offers greater protection than with other methods in terms of fraud, guarantees and non-delivery.
- Double check all details of your purchase before confirming payment.
- Do not reply to unsolicited emails from companies you don’t recognise.
- Before entering payment card details on a website, ensure that the link is secure, in two ways:
- There should be a padlock symbol in the browser window frame, which appears when you attempt to log in or register. Be sure that the padlock is not on the page itself … this will probably indicate a fraudulent site.
- The web address should begin with ‘https://’. The ‘s’ stands for ‘secure’.
- The above indicate only that the link between you and the website owner is secure, and not that the site itself is authentic. You need to do this by carefully checking the address for subtle misspellings, additional words and characters and other irregularities.
- Some websites will redirect you to a third-party payment service (such as WorldPay). Ensure that these sites are secure before you make your payment.
- When making a payment or transferring money via money transfer, pay the recipient a small amount such as £1 first, then check if the recipient has received it prior to sending the larger amount. This ensures that the account details are correct and you are not transferring the money to the wrong account. Also, it protects you if your email has been hacked and you have received the wrong payment details. (There have been a number of incidents where people’s email has been compromised and on seeing a payment request, the criminal has intercepted the email and replaced it with one containing their own bank details).
- Do not pay for goods when using an unsecured Wi-Fi connection.
- Safeguard and remember the password you have chosen for the extra verification services used on some websites, such as Verified by Visa.
- On sites such as Facebook Marketplace, other social media buying and selling platforms and forums, you may encounter requests for payment that are not guaranteed to safe, meaning that you could lose your money:
- When making a payment to a company or individual, never transfer the money directly into their bank account but use a secure payment site such as PayPal, where money is transferred between two electronic accounts.
- Remember that if a seller asks for payment by PayPal Friends & Family, this will be so that they can avoid PayPal charges, but will deny you any payment protection which PayPal may otherwise provide.
- Always log out of sites into which you have logged in or registered details. Simply closing your browser is not enough to ensure privacy.
- Keep receipts.
- Check credit card and bank statements carefully after shopping to ensure that the correct amount has been debited, and also that no fraud has taken place as a result of the transaction.
- Ensure you have effective and updated antivirus/antispyware software and firewall running before you go online.
- Where possible, check that the price listed by the retailer on your browser is the same as that quoted on other people’s browswers, to ensure you are not being monitored and overcharged.
If you think you have been a victim of fraud: Report it to Action Fraud, the UK’s national fraud reporting centre by calling 0300 123 20 40 or by visiting www.actionfraud.police.uk. If you are in Scotland, contact Police Scotland on 101.
If you’ve experienced cybercrime, you can contact the charity Victim Support for free and confidential support and information.